Cuckoos Photographed in Forest and Wooded Garden Habitat

Order Cuculiformes comprises the Cuckoo (Cuculidae) family, which has five subfamilies1 with around 150 species. The gallery features images of species placed in four of these subfamilies: Old-World cuckoos including Koels, coucals, malkohas and anis.

Cuckoos Koels, Coucals, Malkohas and Anis

Cuckoos Koels, Coucals, Malkohas and Anis Notes

Featured species are currently ‘Red List’ assessed as ‘Least Concern’.

These small to medium sized arboreal birds rarely exhibit plumage dimorphism, an exception is the koels.

About one-third of the cuckoo family are brood parasites, laying their eggs in other birds’ nests while Malkohas and others in the Phaenicophaeinae subfamily are non-parasitic nest-building cuckoos that raise their young.

Singapore has eighteen resident or migrant species of cuckoos (Cuculidae). On my recent visit to Singapore I photographed another three, chestnut-winged cuckoo, large hawk-cuckoo and plaintive cuckoo, bringing my Singapore image list to seven about half of those on my world list.

1 Cuculinae (Old World cuckoos), Centropodinae (Coucals), Crotophaginae (Anis), Neomorphinae (New World ground cuckoos), and Phaenicophaeinae (New World cuckoos, malkohas, and Malagasy cuckoos)