Waxbills, Weavers and Accentors

The first gallery features images of waxbills (Estrildidae), mannikins (Lonchurinae) and accentors (Prunellidae), see Taxonomic Classification note. I photographed most species in Singapore’s woodland, scrubland, wetland and garden habitat and Australia’s tropical scrubland. A second gallery displays weavers (Ploceidae). I shot these Old Word tropical birds on two Indian Ocean tropical island and Singapore. The first behaviours gallery shows some aspects of waxbill behaviour while the last three galleries feature photo essays of baya, golden and village weaver behaviour respectively.

Waxbills and Accentors

Waxbills and Accentors Notes

All featured species are ‘Red List 2019’ assessed as ‘Least Concern’. Waxbills are small short-billed oscines with rounded wings. Five species feature in the gallery including the black-bellied crimson finch plumage dimorphic. Waxbills feed on grass seeds, so they often inhabit grassy areas in wooded or shrubby areas near water.


Weaver Notes

All featured species are ‘Red List 2019’ assessed as ‘Least Concern’. Weavers are small to medium-sized birds that have slender to heavy-set bills. The four featured species are plumage dimorphic. The baya weaver is indigenous to Singapore while introduced species are the red fody, golden-backed weaver and village weaver Seychelles, Mauritius and Singapore, respectively.

Waxbills Behaviour

Weaver Behaviour

Oriental Baya Weaver Photo Essay

Oriental Baya Weaver Photo Essay Notes

The Oriental baya weavers is a South Asian subspecies. The images show a small colony on Singapore ‘s Paula Urbin island. They were nesting in a single tree in a grassy area near water which is the typical habitat for these birds. Images show the tree where they were nesting, a group of nests and a single finished nest. Other photos show the male weaving the nest and interacting with the female.

Golden Weaver Photo Essay

Golden Weaver Photo Essay Notes

Photographed in Singapore’s Lorong Halus Wetland this introduced species, from Eastern Tropical Africa, is a very destructive weaver that decimated foliage on about seven trees in a small area of the wetland. Each tree had about ten to twenty nests. Images show males striping leaves, weaving nests, perched and flying behaviours.

Village Weaver Photo Essay

Village Weaver Photo Essay Notes

Another destructive weaver from Central Tropical Africa introduced to Mauritius; a small colony was nesting in a rural back garden in La Gaulette village. Images show nest-building behaviour by the males and a female perched before flying to inspect a nest.

Waxbill, Weaver and Accentor Taxonomy

The Core Passeroidea group includes waxbill, weaver, and accentor families; they are part of the Estrildid Clade:

(a) Ploceidae (weavers);

(b) Estrildidae comprises two subfamilies: Lonchurinae (mannikins) and Estrildinae (waxbills);

(c) Accentors are incertae sedis placement controversial could be in the Estrildid clade, the Passerid clade, or basal to both.

The Passerida Photo Albums webpage gives an overview of applicable Aves High-level Classification.